What is COPD?
COPD, ( chronic obstructive pulmonary disease) is a progressive disease (meaning your symptoms get worse over time) and currently has no cure. There are steps you can take to manage your symptoms and slow the progress of the disease.
When you breathe, air travels through tubes in your lungs—called airways—to millions of tiny air sacs. In a healthy lung, the airways are open and the air sacs fill up with air. Then the air goes quickly out.
Makes it hard to get air through the airways and into and out of the air sacs.
COPD includes two lung problems:
- “Chronic bronchitis” is increased cough and mucus production caused by inflammation of the airways. Bronchitis is considered chronic (or long-term) if a person coughs and produces excess mucus most days during three months in a year, for two years in a row.
- “Emphysema” is associated with damage of the air sacs and/or collapse of the smallest breathing tubes in the lungs.
ICSs (inhaled corticosteroids) – ICSs are anti-inflammatory medications that may help to control and reduce COPD symptoms. These medications are used to treat the lining of the airways in your lungs by reducing inflammation.
SABAs (short-acting beta agonists)/Rescue inhalers – SABAs are short-acting bronchodilators or rescue medicines that help relieve sudden COPD symptoms.
LABAs (long-acting beta2-adrenergic agonists) – LABAs are long-acting bronchodilators that helps to relax the smooth muscles around the airways, helping you to breathe in and out without as much effort. Medicines that contain LABAs have been reported to increase the risk of asthma-related death.
LAMA (long-acting muscarinic antagonist) – LAMAs are also long-acting bronchodilators that lead to muscle relaxation.
In addition, lifestyle changes, such as quitting smoking, vaccines, antibiotics and a variety of non-medicinal COPD treatments can be used to ease symptoms and slow the progression of the disease.
From Dr. Michael Gerber of Nutritionfacts.com:
The three top killers in the United States are no longer heart disease, cancer, and stroke. Stroke just moved down to number four. Number three is now COPD, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, meaning respiratory disorders such as emphysema.
COPD – chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is not curable but one can do things to lessen the effects and severity. Avoiding the things that intensify it; and consuming foods that lower its effects.